1. Introduction to Anthropology.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 009
Professor
D R.G R E G O R Y B O N D A R
Semester
Spring

Description
Anthropology 009 Professor Bondar Date: / / . Introduction to Anthropology I. Terms A. Anthropology- The study of human behavior B. Archaeology- Behavior from the past based on material remains C. Biological anthropology- Biological and genetic explanations of human behavior (aka physical anthropology) D. Lingunotics- Behavior based on the structure of language E. Glotto chronology- Comparing words to see the relation of languages (Glotto meaning sounds made from the mouth; chronology meaning dating) F. Anthropology is a cultural study based on the observation of living societies Date: / / . II. Civilization: Characteristics of Civilization A. “Civilization is the process in which one gradually increases the number of people included in the term ‘we’ or ‘us’ and at the same time decreases those labeled ‘you’ or ‘them’ until that category has no one left in it.” – Howard Winters 1. If you “fit in”, you are civilized; if not, you are “barbarian” or foreign B. Urbanization 1. Consists of large, densely-populated, and economically complex settlements or cities i. Significant percent of people go to the market place for food and products; they are less dependent on other groups of people 2. Food surplus i. High productivity permits sedentism (when storage is available) and full-time specialization 3. Full-time specialists- individuals who do not have to grow their own food; ceramics, metalwork, etc. 4. Stratification- A society in which some fixed, intra-societal
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