Empire_to_Church__Christian_basilicas.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Art History
Course Code
ART H 201
Professor
Jennifer Cochran- Anderson

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Description
Rome: From Seat of the Empire to Seat of the Church Late Roman: th Basilica at Trier, Germany, Early 4 century. Constan. palace complex rectangular plan apse Strict verticality by buttressing with vertical roof' Augustae and Constant. were forged through imposed marriages Fosterage: give your children to the other to be either raised or to be apprentinced to the court(hostages) Diocle. and Max. abdicated in 35 CE Constantius (west) requested Constantine for the conquest against the Piks Constantine becomes proclaimed by soldiers Emperor after the death of his father in August of 306 not the way it was to occur Becomes Caesar as opposed to Augustus to Max. does not last long Defeats Max. in 312 in the Battle of the Melvin Bridge :Chi Ro": monogram of Christ had a vision--> as a result of the dream, it was the Christian God Constant (West) Misoneuos (East) Edict of Milan: allows Christians and religious tolerance to all other religions within the Empire Misineous challenges Const. in 315--> Constantine wins --> ends in 324 with his death (Misoneous) Arch of Constantine, Rome. 312-315 CE (dedicated July 25, 315). Triumphal arch: Roman structure which is part structure and part architecture 3 barrel vaulted arches largest in Rome for over one hundred years Sculpture and columns were taken from other monuments hommage with the other 2nd century rulers (crisis of the 3rd century (unstable)--> we're equal and we're all great Trajan Hadrian Aurelian Constantine Every place where the emperor's head is carved, he replaces with his head Distribution of Largess, detail of the north frieze of the arch of Constantine, Rome Italy, 312-315, Marble, approximately 3 feet 4 inches high. Commissioned by Constantine Constantine in center Soldiers to the sides plebians to the bottom giving gifts to him (recipients of Largess) Implied realism not really true to realism Iconic art: portray as readable, not realistic It is only important to show Constantine as an individual, as opposed to showing everyone else individually Constantine the Great, from the Basilica Nova, Rome, 325-26 CE. From his Colossal Statue Eyes are abstracted out Eyebrows are arches to identify RULER Carved in rigid symmetrical patterns simplified to their simple geometric 8' 6 Entire statue was 30' tall Set in the Basillica Nova wider Basillica begun by Maxentius (started by Max, finished by Constant.) judicial and public service actual stand in for Emperor Basilica Nova (Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine), Rome, 307-315 BCE Early Christian: nd rd Catacomb of Domitilla, outside Rome, Italy, late 2 -3 C The first son Ishmael (Islam) Second Isaac (Christians) God promised Canan (Palestine) to His people fell to Nebechanezar and the Babylonians Babylonian Rule until Roman Empire Jews: God made a promise to their people and that one day they would see a Messiah Christians: Jesus of Nazareth was Messiah Worshipped in homes and came together in burial in catacombs: subterranian burial zones in rock chambers (Like the Etruscans) Did not want to cremate their dead 22'-65' below the surface Burial niches (loculi) placed above one another like shelves bound in clothes and linen and then sealed Good Shepherd, Orants, and Story of Jonah, painted ceiling of the Catacomb of Saints Pietro and Marcellino, Rome. Late 3 -early 4 century. cubicula : mortuary chapels frescoes: roman in style but Christian in Subject Shepard in center (Christ)--> incoded depiction of Christ Jonah and the Whale Orants: pose of early christian prayer (standing with their hands and arms out and to the side) Reconstruction drawing and ground-plan of Old Saint Peter’s basilica, Rome, c. 320-27. Based on the regular buildings Not Temple because it's too close to paganism Central nave with side aisles with an entrance from the atrium (Narthex) and then terminates in an apse and transcept Corinthian columns Platform for altar Built on site of earlier cemetary (where apostle Peter buried) Martyria (veneration of a martyr) Church of Santa Sabina, Rome, c. 422-32. Relatively intact in state Nave has a long collonnade with Corinthian columns topped with barrel vaults Wide apse with elevated platform Light space Flat wooden roof Thinner walls, which leads to more windows -->clerestory
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