Social Psych 221 Pro-social Behavior 2 Lecture Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 221
Professor
Nathaniel Ratcliff
Semester
Spring

Description
Pro-Social Behavior 2 “When Do People Help?” Mood and Helping • Effects of Mood o Positive mood = increased helping • A positive mood makes us interpret events in a sympathetic way • Helping prolongs the positive mood state  "Feel Good, Do Good"  Mood maintenance o Negative mood also increases helping • Helping gets rid of negative mood • Alleviates our own sadness/distress  "Feel Bad, Do Good"  Mood pursuit Situational Determinants • Model of Bystander effect: o Kitty Genovese • Stabbed • 38 witnesses reported hearing her scream • No one called for help because they thought others would help instead • Model of Bystander Intervention o • Notice the Event:  In order for people to help they must know that help is needed • Interpret as an emergency:  In ambiguous situations we look to others for clues about what to do •
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