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Lecture

Lecture 2: 1/17/14

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Department
History
Course
HIST 0430
Professor
James Hommes
Semester
Spring

Description
HIST 0430 notes – Lecture 2 (1/17/14) – page 1 The West Eurasia represents civilization based on certain concepts Old West (medieval synthesis) ­ classical civilizations New West  ­ 16th century ­ refer to institutions/ideas 3 things: liberty (religious, then political), prosperity (capitalism/oppression),  science Japan and the West great assimilator of foreign cultures most in 6­8th centuries ­ borrowed from China, sometimes Korea 16th­17th centuries ­ first interaction with the West (Portuguese, Spanish) not quite as significant as 19th century 19th century ­ Meiji era (all Westerners) 19th­20th centuries ­ rise of Japan, hegemonic challenges Marco Polo calls Japan Suppongu no Westernization of Japan ­ cultural diffusion went both ways Modernity something undefinably different about recent history 16th century Europe (Portuguese/Spanish) huge Catholic influence war with outside powers (Ottoman Empire) New factors in 16th century Europe expansion (conquest, exploration)  newly unified states: Spain, France, England feudalism dying out slowly new military power building forts instead of castles to defend against new artillery  growth of capitalism, new markets, joint­stock corporations new classes ­ middle, merchant classes Scientific Revolution 1543 Portuguese shipwreck brings sailors to Japan Portuguese brought Chinese silks, other products 1600 Englan darrives (pilot), 1613 first ship from England to Japan Christianity and Japan Deus ­ deyuso (the big lie) "The Christian Century" (Roman Catholicism) 1549­1650 Francis Xavier: primarily linguist, but also merchant, priest kicked out of Japan 1610 Japanese Christian daimyo Amakusa Shiro ­ 15 year old, leader of rebellion Shimabara Rebellion ­ 37k in Hara Castle HIST 0430 notes – Lecture 2 (1/17/14) – page 2 Du
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