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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

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Communication and Information
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1 – 30 – 14 • Roadmap: o 1. Review  Comm process can occur (& be studied at) a number of different “levels” • Not just study of talking – messages • Interpersonal, group, organizational, public/mass  Native vs. scholarly theories • Rigorously/systematically tested  Stopwatch example: • Comm is a stopwatch – want to know about gears making stopwatch work  Personal theories • 2 volunteers – at a party – they WERE coming o 2. Issues with defining comm  126 definitions of comm (Dance & Larson) • Info passed from one place to another • Procedures by which one mind affects another • Transmission of info, ideas, emotions and skills via symbols • Transmission of message from source to receiver w/conscious intent to affect latter’s behavior  Fundamental characteristics of comm: • Comm is a process (number of interrelated steps) • Essential for individs, relationships, groups, organizations, societies • Involves creating & responding to messages o Message – symbol or collection of symbols that has meaning or utility o Message reception – process of interpretation  A way of relating to environment and other people • Coordinate actions with others  Book definition of comm: pg 17 – “Human comm…one another” • Important parts o Human, process, relationships/groups/organizations/societies, messages and information  Key Problems w/Defining Comm • Not all comm messages are best understood as information o Understood as social actions • Definitions are never objective/neutral o All definitions exist in particular social context o Physical medium, goal of medium, who is audience? • Issues regarding language o Using comm (language) to define what comm is  Circular reasoning o Language always constructs the object of study  Constructed to appear “objective” or “scientific” o 3. Comm studies as an academic discipline  What are academic disciplines? • “Branches of knowledge which are liberal or classical rather than technical or vocational” (Friedrich) • Broad
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