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Lecture 2

01:355:100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Agnosticism, Wendell Berry, Jane Goodall


Department
English Composition and Writing
Course Code
01:355:100
Professor
Alya Gaydukova
Lecture
2

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Kishan Patel
Section 28
Final Draft #2
The Trouble to Connect
There are many perspectives or “windows” in the human world today and has always
been. Some perspectives are science, religion, and imagination. There are many people who take
in all the perspectives, but there are others who have trouble seeing the connection between
multiple perspectives. In the essay “In the Forests of Gombe”, Jane Goodall explains how
multiple perspectives, like Science and Religion, have helped her in life whether it was to get
trough tough times or do her job as a scientist. Similarly, in the essay “God, science, and
imagination”, Wendell Berry discusses how religion and science are part of fundamentalism and
are pointless and destructive, but still criticizes a scientist for dismissing the existence of God.
Both authors have a similar opinion and believe that multiple perspectives can connect. They
might see the joining of the perspectives differently, but ultimately they don’t have trouble
reconciling multiple perspectives. There are many reasons that can explain why there are
troubles seeing multiple perspectives by many people The difficulty to see fact and belief as one,
the way a person was raised, thinking of faith as God and religion along with no faith, and
education and jobs seen as success leads to trouble in reconciling multiple perspectives.
To begin with, the absence to see or understand how fact can lead to belief and how a
belief can become a fact leads to trouble for people to reconcile multiple perspectives. Fact is
“what we [humans] have agreed that it means and if we respect the word” (Berry 23). Fact needs
to be proved with evidence and all people need to agree. On the other hand, belief is an opinion
on something as Berry says, “speak[ing] of beliefs and opinions as facts…does not make the
beliefs and opinions factual” (23). Beliefs and opinions go hand and hand and have the same

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meaning. This difference in meaning causes people to think differently on some perspectives like
science and religion because their thoughts say that science leads to facts because it provides
evidence, while religion and God is all belief with no proof. Wendall Berry says, “We [people]
know for sure that it is possible to speak of beliefs and opinions as facts” (23). To add to that,
Jane Goodall says, “Science has …uncovered so much about the formation and development of
life-forms on Planet Earth and about the solar system…all of these amazing discoveries have led
to a belief that…can be understood through the logic and the reasoning of a finite mind” (149).
Fact and belief might have different meanings, but really there are connections between these
words as Berry and Goodall explain. Science can give beliefs about other discoveries regarding
the future which can become facts. Facts can be a belief as some might think of something as a
fact, while others think of that same thought as a belief. Berry understands that people have
contradictory views that cause troubles because many who face the issue see fact and belief as
having opposite meanings, but also see beliefs as facts in their own minds. When people see
some perspectives as facts and others as beliefs while seeing the meaning of fact and belief as
completely different, there will be issues seeing connections.
Moreover, the molded upbringings from people’s surroundings cause troubles to
reconcile multiple perspectives. They might not even talk about science if religion is extremely
strict and have no knowledge on science. On the other hand, people who are raised in a family
that is all about education or focused greatly on education for their future success will have a
tough time putting a relationship together between education and all other perspectives in life,
like religion. These people know that learning subjects like math, science, and english will help
them in their future, but also know that religion and imagination will not get them anywhere as it
hasn’t been proven. Goodall says, “by the time I [Goodall] got to Cambridge I was twenty-seven
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