Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (490,000)
Rutgers (10,000)
14:50 (1,000)
Lecture 7

01:830:321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Physical Attractiveness, The Need, Averageness


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:321
Professor
D.Sanchez
Lecture
7

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Close Relationships Part 1
The Need to Belong
The need to belong is a basic human motive.
We care deeply about what others think of us.
Those with a network of close social ties tend to be happier, healthier, and more satisfied
with life than those who are more isolated.
The Agony of Loneliness
A feeling of deprivation about social relations.
Most likely to occur during times of transition or disruption.
Loneliest group in American society are those 18 to 30 years old.
Proximity Continued
The single best predictor of attraction is physical proximity, or nearness.
Where we live influences the friends we make.
College students tend to date those who live either nearby or in the same type of housing
as they do.
Why does it work?
Availability
Mere exposure
The more often people are exposed to an object, the more positively they
evaluate that object
Mere Exposure Example (Moreland & Beach, 1992)
Procedure
Four women and a classroom
4 women attended class
1 women 0 times
1 woman 5 classes
1 woman 10 classes
1 woman 15 classes
Students rate women on traits at end of semester
Mere Exposure Example (Moreland & Beach, 1992)
Procedure
Four women and a classroom
4 women attended class
1 women 0 times
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1 woman 5 classes
1 woman 10 classes
1 woman 15 classes
Students rate women on traits at end of semester
Results: the more classes the woman attended, the more favorable her ratings became
Physical Attractiveness: Getting Drawn In
“What's beautiful is good” (Dion et al., 1972)
Teachers judge attractive students as more intelligent than unattractive students (Clifford
& Walster, 1973),
Adults, and nurses in pediatric wards, punish unattractive children more harshly than
attractive children (Dion, 1974)
Texas judges set lower bail and smaller fines for attractive suspects (Downs & Lyons,
1991)
Attractive people make more money (Hamermesh & Biddle, 1994) and get better job
ratings from bosses (Hosoda et al., 2003)
Parents spend more time looking at attractive babies!!!
Physical Attractiveness: Getting Drawn In
Physical attractiveness is a powerful predictor of being liked
Social competence v. Integrity/Concern for Others (Vain)
Is the Physical Attractiveness Stereotype Accurate?
Good-looking people do have more friends, better social skills, and a more active sex life.
But beauty is not related to objective measures of intelligence, personality, adjustment, or
self-esteem.
The specific nature of the stereotype also depends on cultural conceptions of what is
“good.”
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Physical Attractiveness(Snyder, Tanke, Berscheid, 1977)
Procedure:Unacquainted males & females P set up as partners
Males get a photo of female partner
½ get photo of attractive female
½ get photo of unattractive female
In reality, the photo was not the woman on the phone
Partners have conversation via headphones
“Observers” listened only to female side of the conversation
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Physical Attractiveness(Snyder, Tanke, Berscheid, 1977)
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version