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Lecture

HIST 450 Lecture Notes - William Randolph Hearst, Hiram Johnson, International Brotherhood Of Teamsters

5 pages97 viewsFall 2013

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 450
Professor
Anthony Russel Swanson

Page:
of 5
Nick Seibel
October 25 history notes
The Progressives 1890-1920
introduction
us and calofornia have interests in additional direct democracy
but educated wealthy Americans think they best leaders, not working class
Governor Hiram Johnson 1911-1917 example of progressives
He vice presidential candidate for therodore roosevelt and bull moose progressive party in 1912
US Colony of the phillipines 1898-1946
Gained during Spanish American War 1898
Not a foreign country
Filipinos not given full citizenship rights
new cheap immigrant laborers
William Randolph Hearst
-Started Spanish American War 1898
California and other newspapers
Started large ranch at san simeon “Hearst Castle 1919-1951 Never Finished
Southern Pactific Railroad power finally reduced
1. LA Free Harbo League resist plans ofr spite town port at santa monica , san pedro instead
US government force loans to be repaid
Stanford and Huntington fight reveal railroad corruption
Stanford killed by Huntington letters in 1893
Dear Pard Letters reveal more corruption
But 1906 Shame of California Railroad practically hosted Republican State
Convention at Santa Cruz, still trying to lobby and influence politicians
Still a corrupting influence until 1920
Labor Issues
California Labor Bureau established 1993, not always enforce 8 hour workday law
1880 Many union organize in San Francisco (population 300000_
1991 Waterfront Strike by
Merchant Marine Sailors
Longshoreman
Teamsters
Sometimes create political parties Union Labor Party San Francisco
Some women allowed to join unins and women struck
Waitresses 1901
Laundry workers 1907
Ghiradelli Chocolate factory employees
Tele operators 1919
But many unions were racists
Great migration from south 1900-1920
Allenworth CA near Bakersfield 1908
San Francisco equals labor success and closed shop
Reform also to end corrupton in
Public Utilities Commissions
Public Utilities Commissions
PG&E
Telephones
Water Companies
By 1911
1. Initiative
2. Reformation
3. Recall
4. Womens Vote
San Francisco 1906 Earthquake and Fire
5 AM
Primary wage is 40 seconds
Secondary wave is 25 seconds
multiples aftershocks
water pipes damages so
fire caused most damage
5 thousand buildings initially destroyed or damaged
28 thousand additional buildings
490 city blocks 4 square miles
2800 -3000 people killed
san jose 75 people killed
penisula and stanford university buildings damaged and people killed

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