ANT 102 Lecture 7: Lecture 7

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Film%Example%in%class:
Main%points:
How%Anthropology% can%be%applied%to%Archeology?
-
How%Anthropology% can%be%applied%to%Linguistics?
-
Etc.%on%how%Anthropology% can%be%applied
-
Anthropologists% study%humans% and%the%materials%they%have%behind%is%just%the%
beginning.%Language,%customs,%technology%,%etc.%are%also%part%of%Anthropology.%
There%is%a%variety%of%field%that%are%part%of%Anthropology.%
Urban%Poverty% and%human%services%are%only%a%few%positions%that%
Anthropologists% hold.%
Today%however,%Anthropologists% now%look%at%policies%that%include%conservation%
of%natural%resources%(environment),%including%fisheries%and%forests.%Thinking%
management%is%also%very%common%for%modern%Anthropologists.
Biological%Anthropologist
-
Linguistic%Anthropologist
Emphasis%on%the%language%and%communication%of%a%population%rather%
than%an%individual.
-
Anthropologists% try%to%understand% ALL%aspects%of%human%life%together%
simultaneously.% They%try%to%look%at%social%systems%as%a%whole%rather%than%part%
by%part.
When%a%building%is%built,%the%company%must%hire%an%Anthropologist% and%
Archeological%group%to%survey%the%building%ground%for%possible%historical%
artifacts.%%An%example%would%be%the%African%American%Burial%Ground%
discovered%in%1991%which%utilized%all%Anthropological%fields.%
Physical%Anthropological%skills%can%use%their%skills%for%forensics.%The%application%
of%their%techniques% prove%to%be%useful% in%forensics%as%they%are%able%to%
determine%facts%using%the%tiniest% amount%of%data.%Even%more%is%that% they%are%
able%to%determine%facts%from%remains%which%are%usually%in%bones,%skeletons,%
and%even%tools%that%were%found%in%crime%scenes.
The%problems%that%arise%require%Anthropology% because%some%cases%require%an%
evaluation%of%the%remains%of%the%dead%which%tells%the%nature%and%life%style%of%
the%individual%before%death.%
Example:
Looking%at%a%skull,%indent%in%cheek%may%tell%of%how%the%person%was%in%a%rough%
neighbor%hood%and%that%looking%at%the%teeth,%you%can%tell%that%the%person%had%
dental%care%at%the% earlier%part%of%life%but% began%to% degrade%as%other% cavities%
were%left%untreated% due%to%his%circumstances%in%life.
The%U.S.%houses%a%very%diverse%country%and%students% are%not%succeeding%in%
school%because%they%are%forced%to%shed%their%culture%and%language%in%class%and%
have%to%"adapt"% to% the%U.S.%norm%which%is%difficult%for%many%students.% Instead%
of%students% adapting%to%classrooms%in%the%U.S.,%the%classrooms%should%adapt%to%
the%students.% This%type% of%situation% is%in%the%field%of%a%Linguistic%Anthropology.%
Being%able%to%understand%what%the%students% are%going%through,%how%and%what%
they%want%to%learn%in,%is%important%for%them%to%succeed%in%education.
Medical%Anthropologists%are%also%present%in%many%areas%in%the%world%as%they%
are%responsible%for%finding%out%how%certain%people,%because%of%their%culture,%
beliefs,%and%circumstances%seek%medical%aid.%Some%people%who%are%from%
poverty% stricken%areas%cannot%afford%professional%medical%care%and%they% turn%
to%drugs%and%other% toxic%chemicals%to%relieve%pain%yet%at%the%same%time%they%
are%hurting%their%body%even%more.%Medical%Anthropologists% are%trying%to%
change%these%people%and%want%to%show% them%that%they%can%change.%Although%
nothing%if%forced%upon%the%people,%these%Anthropologists% provide%the%tools%for%
change%rather%than%force%change.
Medical%Anthropologists%also%try%to%stop%the%spread%of%HIV%and%educate%people%
on%sharing%syringes%and%other%methods% of%transmitting%HIV%and%AIDS.%They%
show%local%people%of%what%HIV%and%AIDS%looks%like%because%some%places%do%not%
have%the%technology% to%fully%observe%and% understand% what%HIV%and%AIDS%is.%
This%is%only%one%example%of%Medical%Anthropologists.
Lecture'7
Tuesday,% February%7,%2017
9:14%AM
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