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Lecture 5

ANT 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Pecos National Historical Park, Field Research, Oscar Montelius


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Lecture
5

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Romans memoralize romans by "Herms" = bust of head maybe shoulders
Not considered a real person til about 5 yr
50% chance of child dying when born
Busts were actually painted with flesh tones, black hair, eyes painted
Fiorelli also developed a method of recovering casts of dead Popeiians by pouring liquid plaster into the
cavities that formed in the ashes surrounding their bodies
Impact on Archaeological Theory: New focus on lives on "common people" in classical civilization
Most important, in terms of archaeological method, was that Fiorelli founded a field school
Early 20th Century Archaeology 1900-1960: The Rise of Culture History
Three key concepts in Culture-Historical archaeoly.
Artifact-Types: Artifacts that share the dame design features
Different kinds of stone tools, or pottery
Assemblages: Groups of artifacts from the same context
Ex: Fire drill, all the things you leave behind together
Assemblage-Groups: Assemblages containing similar kinds of artifact-types
Ex: classrooms will all have similar assemblages
Stratigraphic Excavation: A.V. Kidder at Pecos Pueblo, NM
Alfred Vincent Kidder (1885-1963)
Keep different stratis of artifacts separate allows archaeologists to see how assemblages
develop through time
Changes from BIG patterns of change like how Europe changed to SMALLER in the 20th
like how this village developed
ric Wolf Europe and the People Without History late 1970s: How anthro develops in the field, and how
early anthropologists treated peoples outside europe as peoples without a past
Culture in Anthropology based on interviews
Culture in Archaeology based on artifacts found in sediments
Stratigraphic Excavation: A.V. Kidder at Pecos Pueblo, NM
Alfred Vincent Kidder (1885-1963)
Keep different stratis of artifacts separate allows archaeologists to see how assemblages
develop through time
Changes from BIG patterns of change like how Europe changed to SMALLER in the 20th
like how this village developed
Went through the trash and….
Found: how pottery changed, proved that native americans were perfectly capable of
changing
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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