PSY 349 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Framingham Heart Study, Donna Shalala, National Institutes Of Health

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Women Heart Disease Research
Goals
Recognize the extent of cardiovascular disease in women
Describe the symptoms of heart attack in women
List the risk factors for heart disease
Identify resources on the web
Identify the major research studies in women
Office of Research on Women
Established in 1991 within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Office of NIH Director
Iitial fous o oe’s health as a speialized issue for goeret atio ad
attention
Curret fous o oe’s health priorities to meet the sweeping demographic trends
of the next century
o Focus on the millions of underserved women in America
What is Heart Disease?
Heart does’t get eough utriet-rich blood
Chronic- develops over years
Atherosclerosis- arteries harden as cholesterol, fat, and other substances build up in
artery walls
Blockage can result in heart attack
No Quick Fix
Not fied  surger or proedures, suh as pass ad agioplast
Worsens if not treatedleads to disability or death
Leading cause of death (23.8%) in women total
Why Me? Why Now?
Risk rises in ages 40-60
o Estrogen level drops during menopause
Risk factors
o Smoking
o High blood pressure
o High blood cholesterol
o Overweight/obesity
o Physical inactivity
o Diabetes
o Family history of early heart disease
o Age (55 and older for women)
How to Lower Heart Disease Risk
Maintain a healthy weight
o Balance calories taken in with those used up in physical activity
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