Class Notes (836,839)
United States (324,786)
LIN 201 (27)
Ikier (25)
Lecture

Grammar

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN 201
Professor
Ikier
Semester
Fall

Description
-Competence vs performance -Competence = knowledge -Mental rules, concepts -Not measurable (linguistically) -No value judgement -Performance = behavior -Real-time phys. speech utterances -Evidence for distinction -Competence is infinite; performance is finite -Speech errors: slips of the tongue -Ability to correct self and others -Brain automatically corrects so quickly you don't notice it was wrong -Types of grammars -Mental -Ling. knowledge, ling. competence -What you know about a lang. -Descriptive -Claim about the nature of mental grammar -Ex., a book or paper about English -Universal -Ability to acquire lang. -Blueprint for contructing lang. -Some principles of universal grammar -Vowels & consonants, more or less alternating -- CVCVC -Some sounds never occur -- like pffth -Direct object goes before OR after verb -Verb before object => prepositions (is at home) -Object
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