NSD 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Trans Fat, Osteoporosis, Saturated Fat

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Early adulthood: early 20s and 30s, personal and career development; possible reproduction, nutritional habits developed now are investments in the future. Midlife: 40s and 50s, career achievements, body composition changes hormones shift, many start to gain weight. Older age: good habits of previous years help make this time more enjoyable. Leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, strokes, chronic lung disease. Cardiovascular disease: leading cause of death in us and canada, mechanism, plaque builds up. Saturated fat and trans fat promote this. Fruits and vegetables help stop it: narrowing of arteries, leads to heart attack and stroke. We can"t change: age, family history, gender. Hypertension: blood pressure is the forces of blood against the walls of the arteries, rises and falls, measured in millimeters of mercury and recorded and two numbers, you want less than 120/80. Risk factors: aging, genetics, obesity, salt sensitivity, alcohol. Dash: dietary approach to stop hypertension, high in fruits and veggies.

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