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Personality Psych

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Syracuse University
PSY 393

Disorders of PersonalityNormal vs DisorderedNormal PersonalityoThemepeople are differentoWide arrange of normal variationDistinguishing between normal and disorderedoNo boundary line to which you become mentally illImpossible to find a specific point when you are qualified as abnormaloCombination of several extreme traitsoMust cause problemsCurrent SystemDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSMIVTR 2000oStandard reference of mental disordersoPrimary indicators symptomsHow many of them are required to make a diagnosisoMake psychological diagnosis objective and consistentAxis IClinical SyndromesoSevere psychopathologies that require treatmentDepression Schizophrenia etcoSome so severe they require hospitalization medication behavioral therapy etcoSome are acuteYou have depressive episodes not full depressionoTroublesome to patient because you notice the changesoThe patient has a desire to be helpedAxis IIPersonality DisordersoMilderoLonger lasting and stableoPart of the selfnot bothersomeThey take pride in them because theyre differentoLess noticeable to the person because they are always feeling like thisDSM DefinitionsoPersonalityenduring patterns of perceiving relating to and thinking about the environment and oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contextsoWhen the personality traits constitute a rigid pattern of behavior leading to distress and impairment a personality disorder is presentGeneral Criteria for Personality Disorders 1Enduring Pattern of Inner Experience and Behavior that deviates from the expectations of the individuals culture2The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations3The enduring pattern leads to clinically significant distress or impairment in social occupational life or other important areas of functioning4The pattern is stable and of long duration and its onset can be traced back at least to adolescence or early adulthood5The enduring pattern is not accounted for as a manifestation or consequence of another mental disorder If you are experiencing erratic emotions and you are depressed you dont have a personality disorder you have depression only Its a symptom of just that disorder6The enduring pattern is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance eg a drug of abuse a medication or a general medical condition eg head trauma
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