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Lecture 4

MUS 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Benny Goodman, Miles Davis, Buddy Bolden


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS 1030
Professor
Mc Kelvie
Lecture
4

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Jazz
History and Traits
o Based on the late 19th century African-American songs
o Improvised, rarely written down
o Usually strict tempo or beat
o Bravado, Risk-taking, Individuality
o Various Instruments
o Often performed in intimate settings
o Uniquely American
o Heavily influenced rock and roll, classical, and stage music
Blues (Late 1800s-present)
o Usually specific chords: 12-bar blues
o Blue Notes: Flatteed/ Loeed otes 7ths and 6ths
o soeties spiitual/gospel usi
o Used y Elis Pesley to iet ok ad roll
o Southern roots
o Major blues musicians
WC Handy
Bessie Smith
Ragtime (1900-1920)
o Primarily piano
o Featues syopated hyth isplaed eat
o Development primarily in Missouri
o “iilaities to NYC stide piao style
o Major ragtime musicians
Jelly Roll Morton
Scott Joplin
New Orleans and Dixieland (1900-1930s)
o Instrumentation
New Orleans Jazz: Brass, Tuba, Woodwinds, Piano
Dixieland: Banjo becomes guitar, Clarinet becomes saxophone, Tuba
becomes String Bass
o After 1920, New Orleans jazz moves to Chicago and New York becomes Dixieland
o Beginnings of improvised solos
o “toeyille Ne Oleas: Deauhey ad Moal Tepitude
o Major New Orleans and Dixieland Musicians
Buddy Bolde Fathe of Jazz
Jelly Roll Moto; style goes fo agtie to sig
Swing and The Big Band era (1930-1945)
o Rise in mainstream popularity of jazz
o Economy meant cheap musicians and bigger bands
o Less syncopated than earlier jazz
o sig hyth
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