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CD-0068 (19)
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Family Context.docx

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Department
Child Development
Course
CD-0068
Professor
Tama Leventhal
Semester
Fall

Description
Family Context: Demographic Differences 04/15/2014 Parental Monitoring Tracking and surveillance of adolescents’ behavior Knowledge of child’s whereabouts Active vs. passive Parents’ familiarity with child’s friends (and friends’ parents) Adult supervision outside of school Rules and boundaries Curfews Behaviors with peers What is the goal of parental monitoring?  Minimize risky behaviors Delinquency Substance use Risky sexual activity  Mechanism Of Parental Monitoring Parental monitoring revolved around knowledge gained mostly from disclosure Disclosure Decreased at middle­adolescence Linked to positive adjustment Associated with authoritative parenting Cross­cultural differences  Case Study: Lisette What was Lisette’s family life like before her parents’ divorce? Physically abused  Doing well in school  What was her family life like post­divorce? Pretty much never sees father Move – now have no extended family around  Influx of mother’s partners (maybe prostitute?) Decrease in parental monitoring – mom becomes absent, neglectful Adultification – takes care of herself a lot, lipstick  What was Lisette’s relationship like with her peers? Risky behavior – drinks beer before class  Premature sexuality – craves attention  Not very close with peers Did Lisette’s parents’ divorce have a positive or negative impact on her development? Mostly negative – does worse in school, less attention, angry  Positive – physically safer, no longer abused  What services may help to promote positive youth outcomes among youth experiencing a family transition  (e.g., separation or divorce)? Mentoring  Family therapy  Peer support (peer group discussions) Historical Living Arrangements of Children: 1880­2009 Decline in two­parent households Higher divorce rates  Lowering of stigma over divorce Increase in mother­only households Lowering of stigma over single­parents  Increase in teenage pregnancy No change in father­only and no parent households  Changes in Divorce Rate American have highest divorce rate of any country in world Peak right before 1950 Second peak now – highest that it’s ever been Highest point in 2000, dip in 2008­2009, increase past that 2008 = recession, less divorce because financial stress coming into play (divorces are expensive) Effects of Divorce on Family Process Quality of family members’ relationships Amount of warmth/hostility between them Three central aspects Exposure to conflict between parents Affects on parenting practices Increases in economic stress Effects of Divorce on Adolescents Higher rates: Behavior problems Psychological distress Substance use Lower academic achievement Problems forming close romantic relationship Initiate sexual intercourse at earlier age More likely to divorce  Discussion: Divorce Court Imagine you are a judge in a custodial dispute. What are some of the key factors you will consider in: Awarding custody? Assess relationships of child with parents Maintaining social networks of kid Gender of children Mental health of parents Determining child support payments? Single­Parent Households US trend compared to other countries More single­parent in US than other countries Overall tr
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