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Identity & Autonomy.docx

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Department
Child Development
Course
CD-0068
Professor
Tama Leventhal
Semester
Fall

Description
Identity & Autonomy 04/15/2014 Determining Identity Status: James Marcia (1966, 1976) Diffusion: exploration & commitment absent Most psychological problems  Moratorium: exploration present, commitment absent High on anxiety & conflict  Foreclosure: exploration absent, commitment present Most authoritarian  Achievement: exploration & commitment present Psychologically healthiest  Development of Ethnic Identity Extent to which one feels connected to one’s ethnic group  Coherent sense of identity complicated for minority youth because of social context in which they live More negative stereotypes (particularly for African Americans) Often receive mixed messages  Fewer role models  Ethnic identity important to ethnic and racial minority adolescents  Strong ethnic identity associated with minority youths’ higher self­esteem  Racial socialization – parents active attempts to teach children about ethnic identity promotes strong ethnic  identity  Phinney’s Model of Ethnic Identity Status Marginal: weak identification with majority group & with ethnic group Separational: weak identification with majority group & strong identification with ethnic group Assimilated: strong identification with majority group & weak identification with ethnic group Bicultural: strong identification with majority group & ethnic group  What is Autonomy?  Distinct from independence because involves Emotions Cognition (value) Types Emotional entails changes in close relationships Behavioral involves making independent decisions Cognitive (value) requires having set of principles about right and wrong  Precedes identity development Occurs in early adolescence Involves coming to see yourself as an individual  Then, can figure out who that individual is  Adolescent Transitions and Development of Autonomy Cognition Abstract reasoning View multiple dimensions/perspectives Formal operation thinking Puberty  Physical changes Emerging sexual interests Social New roles require greater responsibility and independent decision­making Theories on Developm
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