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Lecture 14

AHST 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Andover, New Hampshire, My Architect, Travertine

2 pages106 viewsFall 2014

Department
Architectural History
Course Code
AHST 1100
Professor
Scott Bernhard
Lecture
14

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LECTURE 14 - LOUIS KAHN
1901-1974
Movie: “My Architect” about his funky life
Associated with Kahn:
1) “I asked a brick what it wanted to be”
2) Service and served spaces
-Tried to use materials as honest expression of capacity
-Sense of morality, even monasticism
-Trained in a beaux-arts-y method
Exeter Academy Library, Andover, New Hampshire, 1967-1972
-Cubeish brick with wall edges exposed so walls look/are free-standing
-Likes to use “funky bricks”, but they are load-bearing
-Beauty of building comes from assembly, not stuff put on
Interior: exposed concrete, clad in travertine where people touch
-Entracnce: huge and grand, stacked wooden trays of books (slightly detached), around curved
circle wall forms
-Tilted lectern-style built-in wall bits for placing books
-X-shaped ceiling supports, letting in light from clerestory
-Little study desks with window for each student
-Wooden built-ins all around
Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, 1968-1974
-Alternating wide and narrow bays
-Vaults gapped, don’t extend continuously along entire thing
-Long, vaulted spaces (alternating service and served)
-Poked “holes” in roofs with different interruptions for light
-Lots of diffuse natural light inside with peeks into courtyard
-Curatorial space and storage beneath bays
-“Vaults” = service and served bays divided with mechanical stuff above service bays
-Unusual skylight piece reflects natural light to hit interior surface of curved vault (changing
angle of incidence)
-Cycloid-shaped dome  best shape for reflectors to diffuse light
-Banded “tartan gird” of wide and narrow
-Worked directly with construction workers
-Flexible galleries with movable partitions (service bays used)
-When pouring concrete wall: form ties to hold together molded parts
-Used holes as “honest” ornamentation
Salk Institute, La Jolla, California, 1959-1965
-Building to support work and labs of Jonas Salk
-Needed lab and office spaces with central courtyard
-Stream of water running down center of site to ocean
-Tartan grid seen again in courtyard layout
-Bilaterally symmetrical with axis pointing to West, between land and sea
-Office towers with laboratories to the exterior
-Wooden infill on buildings  teak and glass, but open alternating and filled floors
-Only occupied by people on every other floor, mechanics and pumping of materials to labs on
other floors, to keep space un-subdivided in labs
-Fascination with ruins and ancient architecture
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