PSYC 3390 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Margaret Mead, Emerging Adulthood And Early Adulthood, Individualism

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6 Feb 2017
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Chapter 1: Introduction
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Adolescence is a cultural construction
Cultures differ in what adolescents are allowed, required, believe, & patterns in daily life
Puberty, biologically speaking, is universal but all other aspects are culturally defined
History of Adolescence
Ancient Greece; Plato & Aristotle: capacity for reason, great time to teach (14-21)
Adolescence ends at 18 now bc of legal and structural changes (early ideas were 20s)
1500-1890: Life-cycle service - children left home as teens, moved in home of “master”
Age of Adolescence 1890-1920: child labor laws, required to complete secondary school
Storm and Stress Debate
G. Stanley Hall: first scientific study of adolescence, first textbook, “storm and stress”
Biologically speaking, all adolescents are stressed, moody, risky behavior
DEBUNKED: claim ALL adolescents and PURELY BIOLOGICAL is FALSE
Adolescence begins earlier (10 not 14) and ends earlier (18 not 24) than 19th c. ideas
Initial signs of puberty is earlier in life; age 18 is structurally defined in today’s time
Emerging Adulthood
~ Age 18-25; since we end adolescence at 18, still another period before adulthood
Identity explorations: to find passions, beliefs, relationships, majors, careers
Instability: not set in life, identity, relationships, jobs, etc (not fully established)
Self-Focus: No s/o or children, independence and focus on oneself
Feelings in-between: not a child but not an adult yet; due to explorations
Possibilities: exploration and such is available to all
Emerging adulthood DOES NOT EXIST in all cultures
When young people can postpone adult roles (marriage, parenting, full-time jobs)
Transition to Adulthood
Individualism culture what makes you an adult?
Responsibility for oneself, independent decisions, financial independence
Collectivist culture (cultures stressed on the collective instead of individual)
Marriage, being able to support a family, support parents financially
Developmental change in biological (physical changes), cognitive (changes in thinking),
and socioemotional (changes in relationships, emotions, personality, and social context)
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Scientific Study
1. Question of scientific interest; 2. Hypothesis 3. Choose research method and research
design 4. Collect data 5. Draw conclusions
Ethics in Human Research
Protection from physical and psychological harm
Informed consent: participants must agree to be a part of the experiment
Voluntary, ability to quit in the middle of the study,
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