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Lecture 10

PSC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Enumerated Powers

Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Stephanie Paul

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The Congress
Constitutional Foundations of the Modern Congress
Empowering Congress
Enumerating Powers
Article 1, Section 8: listed powers that are vested to Congress
Power to tax and spend money
Power to declare war
Elastic Clause
Article 1, Section 8: Necessary and Proper Clause
Power to make laws that are “necessary and proper” to carry out
enumerated powers
Constraining Congress
Fear of the Tyranny of the Majority
Bicameral Congress
House and Senate
Competing centers of power
Forced deliberation
Prohibited Actions
Bills of attainder (act of legislature declaring a person or group of persons
guilty of some crime and punishing them)
Ex post facto laws
Titles of nobility
Suspension of habeas corpus
Bill of Rights
Bicameralism and Representation
How do the chambers differ?
(1) Number of Representatives
House based on population (435)
Senate's based on state (100 seats)
(2) terms of office
House: 2 years
Senate: 6 years; ⅓ every 2 years
(3) election
House and senate: by the people
Seventeenth amendment (1913)
● Federalism
What is federalism again?
national/state government tension:
Ex of congress overstepping constitutional authority
US vs. Lopez (1995)
Attempt of federal government to ban firearms in and
around public school
Localism in congressional affairs
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