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Lecture 1

CCJS 300 Lecture 1: Chapter 1


Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CCJS 300
Professor
Alan Lehman
Lecture
1

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INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODS
WE STUDY RESEARCH METHODS BECAUSE:
-Inaccurate observations
-Resistance to change
-Selective observations
-Illogical reasoning (Gambler’s fallacy)
-Ideology & Politics
RESEARCH IN OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES:
-Anthropology
-Field research/case studies especially
-Economics
-Psychology/Sociology
-Social work
FEATURES OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD:
-Empirical
-Verifiable
-Cumulative
-Self-corrected
-Ethical & Ideologically neutral
TYPES OF QUESTIONS:
-Measurement, how do we measure what we want to measure?
-Descriptive, what is the gang presence in PG county?
-Exploratory, what should I think about when coming up with a model for a topic?
-Causal, what causes what?
-Evaluative, what happens when laws change, how do people react?
WHO ARE THE RESEARCHERS:
-Academics/professors
-Government employees
-Practitioners
-Journalists
-Students
PARADIGMS
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