EDHD 411 Lecture 17: 3-27-2017

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Education, Human Development
EDHD 411
Lucas Butler

3-27-2017 Attachment: Bonding with People Painting- there is a specific link between child and primary care giver What is attachment? - Human beings are fundamentally social creatures o Worst possible punishment is isolation because it is psychologically horrible to cut off all social interactions o Development is socially - Strong affectionate tie we feel for people in our lives that leads us to experience pleasure and joy when we interact with them and to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress o Maintaining proximity to someone—want to be close to someone in our lives— need to latch onto someone Some Background - Infants being to show preferential behaviors toward the primary caregiver (smiling, approaching) o Smiling a particulate early signal (around 6 weeks) - They also seem more distressed when separated from the care giver- and you can see this between 7 and 9 months - Development of expectations o When babies are crying and what comforts them ▪ A lot of crying, and what works for effectiveness of mother’s response • In the last quarter, the mom just being there or lightly touching them helps—by 9 months it works and more of a mental expectation that mom is there • A lot of the other things works just as good in third and 4 quarter Why do infants form an attachment with the primary caregiver - Behaviorist and psychoanalytic both emphasized importance of feeding o Basic theory ▪ The caregiver acquires positive value by being repeatedly paired with food—food is inherently positive and caregiver gives food, so then they start to like them ▪ The infant beings to seek the caregiver event when not hungry o Feeding is not enough ▪ Rene Spitz—psychoanalyst who had worked with Freud • Filmed infants residing in orphanages • These infants were properly fed and received good health care, but there was little emphasis on emotional caregiving ▪ Consequences: • Infants were generally physically and developmentally repeated • 37% of infants died over 2 years • well come back to orphanages case study when we talk about long term consequences of early deprivation o there is more than just feeding to the attachment theory - Harlow’s Monkey Studies o Monkeys reared in isolation with 2 surrogate mothers: ▪ Wire mother= provided food but not contact ▪ Cloth mother- provided contact comfort but not food • Spent most of time on the cloth mother, and when threatened they seek out the cloth mother and gets comforted— o Cloth mother is functioning as attachment figure—boost of comfort and securirty ▪ Not just about food, but more about safety and security, more emotional, ot just physical Theory of Attachment - Strongly influenced by Freud’s idea that infants’ early relationships with their mothers shape development - But emphasized the idea of the primary caregiver as a secure base - Strongly influenced by ethological theory, and specifically by imprinting o IMPRINTING—biological methord of learning who parents are ▪ Sensitivity to social signals- imprint and say that’s my parent so tahts where I am going to go ▪ Humans might have something similar Stages of Attahcment - Stages o Preattachment (birth to 6 wks) : built in singals o Attachment- in the making- 6 weeks to 8 mohts)- preferential responding to care giver o Clear cut attachment (6-8 onths to 1.5 yrs)- separations anxiety, caregiver as secure base o Recipricp
More Less

Related notes for EDHD 411

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.