PHSC 401 Lecture 4: Black death part 2

58 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Phsc401: Black Death II 2/8/17
Ancient Greece Recap:
Birth of naturalistic explanations of the world, including health, illness, the body
Humoralism
o Humors:
o Qualities, elements
o Key Concept: balance/imbalance
Q: Who was the figure most associated w/ humoral theory?
o A: Hippocrates (kind of), Galen
Black Death
Challenged humoral models
o Prompts early contagion theories
Renaissance authors
Often switched back and forth between contagionist and environmental
explanations of disease
o Contagion often defined loosely enough to include harmful
material that was indirectly, as well as directly, transmitted
o Not incompatible with definitions of miasma as disease
inducing, noxious, contaminated air
o Even though it provided a challenge to Hippocratic environmental theory, it still
remained a dominant model of health and illness
Challenged medieval society
Characteristics:
o Extremely virulent
Struck rapidly
Excruitating and degrading symptoms
Killed 50-60% of people it affected
Within first 3 days of onset of symptoms
o Profile of Victims
Age: men/women prime of life
Seems unnatural/supernatural: endemic diseases usually got young and
old
Left many orphans, widows, destitute families
Affected all classes
Responses:
o Mass hysteria
o Terror
o Violence
o Religious revivals: assuage divine wrath
o Scapegoats/witchhunt
Target guilty people responsible for disaster
The sinful (devine retribution?)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class