PSYC 355 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Parenting, Active Child, Phenylketonuria

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PSYC 355: Developmental Psychology
January 27th, 2017
Who, how, and why are we?
Origins of human nature and individual differences
Origin, prevention, treatment of developmental problems
How can we help?
To optimize conditions of development
To help raise our children
To help choose social policies
What develops?
Many aspects of a child can change over time
Developmental is multifaceted
Physical
Cognitive
Social/Emotional
Mechanisms of Development
What are the forces that drive child development?
Environmental Aspects
Parents Influence
Societal Environment
Community Environment
Do we have influence over these forces?
How we react
January 31st, 2017
Philosophies
4th century BC: Plato and Aristotle
Origins of knowledge
Child raising important for long-term welfare of society
Historical Foundations
1600s 1700s: John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau focused on how parents and
society could promote child development
Differed in their beliefs about
The inherent nature of children
Approaches to learning
Research-Based Approach (19th Century)
The result of two converging forces
Social reforms movement
Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution
“Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny”
Formal Field of Inquiry
Late 19th/Early 20th century
Early assessment
G. Stanley Hall
Alfred Binet
Early evidence based theories
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