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Lecture 12

HIS 196B Lecture 12: India Lecture 12

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University of California - Davis
HIS 196B

India Lecture 12 The Congress Split of Surat, 1907 o Pherozeshah Mehta, moderates leader o Aurobindo Ghosh, held for terrorism, extremists leader o Gokhale was a moderate and preferred the path of negotiation over confrontation: elected to Bombay legislative council, famous for his speeches inspired 2 young congressmen: Mohandas Karamchandra Gandhi, both were barristers o Bal Gaganadhar Tilak: tried for sedition in 1897, defended by Badruddin Tayabjee; tried for sedition in 1908 defended by Mohammed Ali Jinnah o British were making it clear dont write bad about us or consequences must take place o World war 1 took place internationally: Indians suffered because of huge tax breaks and the Gadar outbreak o National Movement for independence did not shut down, it went underground Home rule league by Besant and tilak movement led to the Indian nationalistic league Besant became president of Congress: party coming back to life Lucknow Pact, or the CongressLeague Pact, 1916: demand for a large enterprise; separate electorates from Muslim since they were a huge minority. They could secure up to 50 of the seats; educated elites Edwin Montague: Home Secretary of States MorleMinto reforms: 1919: idea that we must award Indians for their contributions but it was too late. Educated Indians must be able to represent MontagueChelmsford reforms of 1917 o Some measure of responsibility to representative chosen by an electorate o Limited selfrule in the provincial gov through diarchy o Reserved portfolios: justice, police, revenue o Transferred subjects: education, public health and works o Indian members admitted into provincial legislative councils Effects of the Montford reforms o Electoral divide between Hindus and Muslims o Recognition of the antiBrahmin justice party (1918) o Sikhs and Eurasians added as electoral groups Politics of the street: you dont know the instigator cause its a mob mentality Rowlatt Report and the Rowlatt Act Lives of Indian women needed to be saved. Enlightened white women were going to save Indian women from indian men Mary Carpenter: views of indian society and girls education: met with Ram Mohan Roy, most girls were not educated past the age of 12 because there was a lack of women who could go inside the courtyards to teach the women Ladies Nationalist Association:
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