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Lecture 86

EURO ST 10 Lecture Notes - Lecture 86: Ten Commandments

European Studies
Course Code
John Smith

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Professor Smith
Europe Studies 10
Course Code: 24000
4 units
2018 Fall Quarter
The range of powers
What kinds of things does the National Assembly now say that it has the right to
End of serfdom (existing social relations that tie people to the land of their lords)
Control of land and hunting
New judicial system to be formed, taken away from manors
New tax system that will cover everyone equally
State will control church finances
The formation of the nation
Look at Article X: “in as much as a national constitution and public liberty are of
more advantage to the provinces than the privileges which some of these enjoy,
and inasmuch as the surrender of such privileges is essential to the intimate union
of all parts of the realm, it is decreed that all the peculiar privileges, pecuniary or
otherwise, of the provinces, principalities, districts, cantons, cities, and
communes, are once for all abolished and are absorbed into the law common to all
A common law is to be developed and applied equally across the entire stretch of
the nation
All “privileges” are to be abolished
An intimate union” can thereby be established, unifying all
frenchmen” regardless of geographical place, birth status, or other
Thanks to this intimate union”, all individuals will identify
as Frenchmen”
It now, in fact, creates this national category
Power of the nation”
This concept of a nation has come to assume the greatest of powers
How so?
In our society, indeed, in modern western societies” in general, there is one thing
alone for which individuals can be expected to die:
Their nation
Nationalism comes to replace religion (in some ways) as the binding force
Birth of a new political order
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (August 26th, 1789)
Declares the universality of human rights, but also serves to delimit the special
realm of human beings within a state; i.e., the status of citizenship”
Thomas Jefferson was in Paris at the time as a diplomat
James Madison’s proposal for a Bill of Rights passed Congress on August 21st,
1789 (so no direct influence)
But close ties between American and French thinkers
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