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Lecture 25

HISTORY 36B Lecture 25: History 36 B Lecture 25


Department
History
Course Code
HISTORY 36B
Professor
Brusuelas
Lecture
25

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Professor Brusuelas
History 36 B
Lecture
Early Government
After unification, everyone in Attica was Athenian and could participate in
government and vote
Strictly Aristocratic
Archons replace the old basileus
Archon basileus
oversaw religion/cults of the polis, judged lawsuits pertaining to cult
property
Eponymous archon
oversaw all public affairs, presided over the council and assembly, judged
nonreligious cases until creation of thesmothetai
Polemarchos
Commanded Athenian army
Thesmothetai
six judges
9 archons elected for one year terms and came from a small group of aristocratic
families
Eupatrids
9 archons ruled as one body with the Council of the Areopagus
Council of the Areopagus (met on the hill sacred to Ares)
Membership
former archons with lifetime membership
The Assembly
all Athenian male citizens
Uncertain what role it played
Aristotle says archons were elected by the Assembly
Athenian Social Organization
Oikoi
individual households
Phylai
tribes” 4 in number, made up of oikoi
Possible that the phylai served as political and military divisions
Seem to function more as social groups concerned with matters of family
and of descent
Membership was proof of citizenship
Clans
associations of noble households dominated by a top oikos and all
claiming descent from a common ancestor
Politically powerful in Athens
Cylon
Around 632 BCE the olympic victor Cylon, with the help of Theagenes (tyrant of
Megara), seized the Acropolis to become tyrant of Athens
Citizens laid siege on the Acropolis
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