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Lecture 8

HUMAN 1C Lecture 8: 4.1 Manifest Destiny in the Philippines

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University of California - Irvine
Professor Block

Professor Linda Vo The Filipino's First Bath (political cartoon) - President Mckinley holding an obnoxious baby - Representation that Filipino’s are savage, a baby holding a spear Spanish Colonization (1521 to 1898) - Spanish treats them as inferior - Priests collect taxes - Very oppressive form of colonization, before the Americans even arrive What are racial contact zones? “The relationship between Occident and Orient is a relationship of power, of domination, of varying degrees of a complex hegemony..” Edward Said, Orientalism, 1978 “Social spaces where disparate cultures meet, clash, and grapple with each other, often in contexts of highly asymmetrical relations of domination and subordination - such as colonialism and slavery, or their aftermaths” Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 1992 - Philippine Revolution 1896-98 - “Rebellious insurgents v. anti-colonial revolutionaries” → spanish felt that these groups were rebellious insurgents, but filipinos thought of themselves as nationalists - Spanish-American War 1898 → sinking of a military ship off of Cuba, accused the Spanish → war, ends with Treaty of Paris 1898 - America receives the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba - American protectorate/possession - “Liberator v. conqueror” - Americans believe they are liberators, but are seen as conquerors - Philippines did not think of themselves as one nation, had different ethnic groups/
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