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HUMAN 1C (135)
Lecture 7

HUMAN 1C Lecture 7: 4.2 Filipino Immigration

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1763: Filipino seamen jumped ship in New Orleans where they established the first permanent Filipino settlements on the Gulf Coast → “manilamen” - Married to non-Filipino women - There are descendants in this region, 8 generations Exhibiting Empire - Human exhibitions (zoo) → commonplace to show what the US has colonized, popular in Europe as well - 40 different tribes - 6 Philippine villages - St. Louis World’s Fair 1904 (Louisiana Purchase Exposition) - Mckinley wanted to transfer the idea of imperialism, arguing that the Philippines would protect the US - Justifying US actions under Manifest Destiny of taking over the Philippines Ethnographic voyeurism presented when Europeans went to Philippines to view the “savage” people of the Philippines - Presented as primitive because they did not wear as much clothes View within the Schoolhouse - FIlipinos could be civilized and educated - Many of the exhibitions showed what resources the US/Europeans can exploit - Will make US wealthy if we colonize them Visayan girl, Bogobo girl, Igorote Woman - Wanted to try to present a certain perspective of Filipinos - Raised a lot of questions of, can we civilize them? Can we change their religion? Filipina students at Columbia University - Bringing them into Spain, educate them, and ship them back to the Philippines - Many of them were women, spoke English - A way of spreading American democracy A lot of FIlipinos who came to the US… they are mostly laborers, predominantly male - Naturalization Act of 1790 - “...any alien, being a free white person who shall have resided within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the US for a term of two years, may be admitted to become a citizen thereof.” - “Bachelor societies” → wanted the best fit male to work for the US, and once they cannot produce the best work, they would be sent back to their homelands (includes all Asians) - We treated asians differently, did not give them citizenship right - Filipinos became a solution, could migrate to the US freely as laborers, had to stop the immigration of Chinese/Japanese - Filipinos were sent to mainly Hawaii - European higher wages, Filipinos lower - To suppress European protests if they had the same wage as Filipinos - Created mistreatment Filipinos Farmworkers… - Spent money on leisure activities - Mingled with European women California anti-miscegenation laws [1880-1948] preventing white to mix with other races/groups - Roldan v. Los Angeles County 1933 - Only included “Negros” “mulattos” or “Mongolians” in the law at the time… - California legislature solved the problem by adding “Malays” to the anti- miscegenation laws so that Filipinos could not marry white women - “Racial purity” → wanted to keep the white population “pure”, no mixing Imperialism -- It’s Dangers & Wrongs: A Speech by Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor [Oct. 18, 1898] - Much more concerned about Filipinos Carlos Bulosan, America is in the Heart, 1943 - “...a crime to be a Filipino in California” - Experiences discrimination FIlipinos built a better life for their children because children who are born in the US, can become US citizens Empire of Labor and Military Service during WW2 - Tydings-McDuffie Act (Philippine Independence Act) 1934 -- only allows 50 people to immigrate from the Philippines - Filipino Repatriation Act of 1935 -- free passage from the US to go back to the Philippines, only 2,000 took this opportunity - Citizenship in 1946 -- gave independence, increased it to 100 Empire of Labor and Immigration Act of 1965 1. Family reunification - If you want to bring your spouse, parents, sibling, etc. from the Philippines it is okay 2. Professional preferences - If the US wants a specific set of skills that the US currently lacks/or does not have, then they
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