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Lecture 17

PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Dimensionality Reduction, Multidimensional Scaling, Availability Heuristic


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 9A
Professor
Bruce Berg
Lecture
17

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Midterm One: Ways of knowing:
A Prior Method:
- Reasoig… Cosesus fo logial deate oe the eits of oe o aothe elief
Empiricism
- Epeiee… Leaig thigs though diet epeiee o oseatio
Belief Perseverance
- Tendency to hold dogmatically onto a belief even in face of evidence that would convince most people
to the contrary
- Generation Gap
Confirmation bias
- Tede to seah out ifoatio that suppots oe’s elief hile igoig otadito ifoatio
Availability heuristic
- Occurs when we experience unusual or very memorable events, then overestimate how often they typically
occur
Determinism, Statistical determinism
- Ioet assuptio of that hua ehaio is deteied
I. Determinism contends simply that all events have causes
- Statistical determinism: Usually multiple factors influence behavior and thus it is difficult to predict with
certainty what one will do at a given moment
Objectivity
- An objective observation is simply one that can be verified by more than one observer
Introspection
- A form of self-report
- Pole… eal ehaio is had to pedit a too ople
Data-driven
- Expect conclusions about behavior to be supported by objective evidence through systematic procedures
Anecdotal evidence
- Evidence of personal experience
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