Early government and life in the united states. U. s. debtors required to pay british merchants. Differs from europe: focus ono individualism rather than traditional orthodoxy of established church and authority. A wartime measure to create a framework for national government: drafted in 1777, adopted in 1781, unicameral congress, executive authority resides in committee of 13 (1 from each state, unanimous consent required to amend articles. Congressional powers under articles: make war, make treaties, determine troop levels from each state, settle disputes among states, admit new states to the union, borrow money. Congressional limits: could not levy taxes- only request money from states, could not raise troops- only stipulate quota, no ability to regulate commerce. The dream of equality: no aristocracy, established church. Revolutio(cid:374)"s for(cid:373)s: struggle for independence, part of worldwide, co(cid:374)fli(cid:272)t over a(cid:373)eri(cid:272)a"s future ide(cid:374)tity. Expanding the political nation: debated universal male suffrage, religious toleration, started debating the abolition of slavery. The revolution in pennsylvania: pre-war elite opposed independence.