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Lecture 3

CHIN 40 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Mandarin Duck, Chen Duxiu, May Fourth Movement


Department
Chinese
Course Code
CHIN 40
Professor
Michael Berry
Lecture
3

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Week 2, Tuesday!
The May Fourth Incident
五四運動發於1919(中華國8)54北洋政府治下的京兆地,是場
以青學為主的學運動,以及包括廣公、市和商等中基層廣泛󲓣與
的次󶖉威遊󰀉、請願、罷課、罷和對抗政府等多形式的󰀉動。事件起因在
次世界戰完結後舉󰀉的巴󷊞和會中,強把德國東的權益轉讓給本,即
東問題。當時北洋政府未能捍衛國家益,有國極度不滿,從上街遊󰀉表達不
滿。當時最著名的號之是「外爭國權(對抗強侵權),內除國賊(懲除媚官
員)」。
Beijing May 4, 1919!
In the end of WWI, China thought that Shangdong (was occupied by Germany) will
be return back to China, but it was given to Japan!
Treaty of Versailles conference with major allies of the world!
Peking University organized a demostración in Beijing where more than 1000 h.s.
and college students protested in 天安󵃺!
Violation of Chinese sovereignty!
Failure of the Chinese government to protect nation interest!
Student walk to street and burned down home of Car Rulin, a pro-Japanese ocial!
1st anti-imperialist mass movements in China history!
originally the G adopt a very strict position, then they end up releasing the students!
Transformation of Chinese Nationalism into its Twentieth cent form, w/ emphasis on
mass mobilization and anti-imperialism.!
Also caed the Chinese Renaissance and Enlightenment!
Began in 1915 with the publication of cultural magazine named “New Youth”!
Intellectual forum for new ideas, especially those of such figures as Chen Duxiu and
Hu Shi!
incredible impact on Chinese identity !
Founder of Chinese Community Party and New Youth - Chen Duxiu!
Hu Shi - considered the father of vernacular language , language reform!
Lu Xun - considered father of modern Chinese literature!
1919 when 54-movement launched, people read in 󰁻. This means that there is
high rate of illiteracy because no one has money to send sons to learn 󰁻.!
Main themes of this period!
Attack on Confucianism !
54 movement member think that filial piety creates favoritism !
Lu Xun - A Madman’s Diary
paranoid guy that saw a village that consist of people that eat other !
his family members, even himself have eaten human before !
attack to traditional Chinese history, philosophy, etc!
Hu Shi 胡適
reform the Chinese language!
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