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Lecture 1

ENGL 141 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Suger, Early Modern English, Wyrd

2 pages77 viewsFall 2017

Course Code
ENGL 141
Eric Jager

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Deus ex machina = God out of the machine
wyrd = modern “weird”
449 A.D - 1066 A.D (Our course timeline)
Celtic original population, then came the Romans (0), and then the Germanic Tribes (449), then
the Norman Conquest (1066)
So we’re looking at literature between the Germanic Tribe Conquest and the Norman Conquest
1100-1500, we have something called Middle English Literature.
Old English (Anglo-Saxon): 450-1100 Beowulf
Middle English: 1100-1500 Chaucer
Early Modern English: 1500-1700 Shakespeare
Modern English: 1700-present Defoe, Austen
Anglo-Saxon is restricted to use to describe ethnic people.
Old English refers to the linguistics.
Medieval people had no idea that they were living in the Middle Ages. Modern people know that
they are living in the Modern Period. They assume that they are modern people. Historically
speaking, the term “modern” has older roots than “medieval”.
Abbot Suger, around 1100, refers to his time as modern compared to the ancient Greeks and
Romans. Centuries later during the Renaissance, the term “medieval” was coined.
“Medieval” was invented from the term “modern” which came from antiquity (ancient Greeks and
“Medieval” means “a middle age”.
The age of superstition and mediocre achievements.
It is not nearly as glorious as the age of antiquity.
Renaissance was like the age of antiquity; made sculptures like the Romans.
Nothing really happened during the Middle Ages compared to the antiquity and the
Renaissance. The original moderns were the Medievals.
Enlightenment: 1800
Industrial Age: 1900
We’re looking at a world where there is hereditary monarchy, lack of women’s rights, education
system, laws and institutions, technological differences, and the outlook/mentality of the Middle
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