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Lecture 16

PSYCH 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Drill Instructor, Parenting Styles, Weight Gain

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Think like a baby: School Belt
Toys that are open-ended facilitate creativity and problem solving skills
E.g. art materials, legos
Contexts of Development
Cross Cultural Differences
Birth practices
Frequency of carrying/contact
Conversational practices
Family Influences
Each family has its own culture and different dynamics
Creating positive memories together facilitates sibling relationships
Not dependent on the amount of conflicts
Provide many benefits such as social support
Parenting styles
Responsiveness - warmth, sensitivity
Levels of demand - discipline
Permissive: lots of love, warmth and attention but low on levels of demand or discipline
Don’t establish regular rules and enforce them
Children need to have boundaries and learn how to follow rules
Authoritarian: high discipline and low on responsiveness
Set clear rules and enforced regularity
Drill sergeant type
Neglected/uninvolved: low responsiveness and levels of demand
Most detrimental to development
Lack of warmth and regular rules
Authoritative: high on warmth and responsiveness and levels of demand
Benefits development the most but also most difficult to achieve
Best social and emotional outcomes (culturally specific)
Sets rules and enforce them but do so in a loving way
Explains to child why consequences exist and what the child can do change
Consistency in warmth and affection and in enforcing rules
Switching back and forth between parental styles → household chaos, lack of
predictability can be detrimental development
Not knowing the consequences can cause stress
Asian and Latino Americans tend towards authoritarian parenting (tiger moms)
Doesn’t necessarily lead to negative outcomes in those cultures
Some cultural groups tend to use spanking more often as a form of discipline
In a culture where it is more normative, the detrimental effects seem to be less
Using food as punishment/reward may change their future eating behaviors
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