CFD 3240 Lecture 17: Parenting Styles and Adolescent Development

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University of Central Missouri
Child and Family Development
CFD 3240

Parenting Styles and Adolescent Development • The most favorable outcomes for adolescents are linked with ○ The authoritative parenting pattern ○ The traditional parenting pattern • Unfavorable outcomes have been linked with the following parenting styles: ○ Uninvolved, authoritarian, permissive, indulgent and uninvolved parenting • Adolescents are also negatively impacted when parents have inconsistent parenting styles The Impact of Authoritative Parenting on Adolescents • Authoritative parents provide their adolescent children an appropriate level of freedom ○ while, simultaneously, requiring them to behave in a responsible manner • Their adolescent children tend to ○ Be independent, self-assured, creative, achieve in school ○ Have positive relationships with peers and adults (socially skilled) ○ Be more optimistic and have better self-regulation than do adolescents whose parents are not authoritative ○ Even adolescents with only one authoritative parent have higher levels of well-being than those with no authoritative parent The Traditional Parenting Pattern and Its Impact on Adolescents • This parenting pattern is common throughout the world and in U.S ethnic minority families • Authoritative parents style promote independence and traditional parents promote interdependence • Adolescents in traditional families generally understand and endorse their parents’ socialization approach ○ Like the authoritative parenting pattern, this pattern is associated with fewer negative outcomes for children. ○ Both of these patterns combine parental authority with parental support ○ the traditional pattern has higher levels of strictness and support but this stricter parenting is balanced by greater closeness Adolescents and Authoritarian Parents • Those parents are described by adolescents as strict and not very or only somewhat supportive • Adolescents whose parents are authoritarian: ○ Are Less self-assured, less creative, and less socially skilled ○ Tend to have lower achievement ○ Are more dependent and more likely to conform to peers ○ Are more at risk for behavior problems such as substance abuse, crime, and delinquency • Those adolescents are deprived of opportunities to practice the skills of compromise and conflict resolution in relationships • The harsh strictness of authoritarian parents causes them to not have as much influence on their children’s decision-making ○ in comparison to children’s peers Adolescents and Permissive Parents • Adolescents, whose parents are permissive lack sufficient direction and guidance to help them to make mature decisions ○ at a time in their lives that mature decision-making is a crucial aspect of development ○ when adolescents do not perceive that they can rely on their parents for guidance, they often look for direction fro
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