CFD 3250 Lecture 2: Nutrition

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Child and Family Development
CFD 3250
Victoria Voland

Promoting Good Nutrition • There has been an increased emphasis on young children receiving the best nutrition. • Think about how inadequate nutrition during infancy would the child’s health and brain function. • When children are poorly nourished (even for short periods) they are apt to be less alert and prone to accidents/injuries. • Malnutrition or malnourishment is very harmful when children are growing quickly. • As much as 25% of young children’s calories are devoted to growing. • Assess to food is an issue for 16% of all households with children under 6 years • 1 in 6 people in the US face hunger • 49 million Americans struggle to food on the table. • This translates to children to 1 in 5 children is at risk for hunger • In African-American and Latino families it is reduced to 1 in 3. Promoting Good Nutrition • A comprehensive approach to nutrition, health and safety services in an early childhood programs require you to: o Provide nutritious meals and snacks o Make sure the environment for children’s care and education is healthy and safe o Educate children, staff and families on the importance health, safety and nutrition. This includes emphasizing the importance of prenatal care and nutrition as appropriate. o To further complicate the topic of good nutrition and childhood hunger. There is an epidemic in this country – Childhood Obesity Epidemic Obesity’s Lifelong Implications • Increased risk of hypertension and diabetes • Increased cardio-vascular and digestive disease (gall bladder) • Increased risk of sleep apnea and other conditions th • Almost 32% of US children are overweight (at or above the 85 percentile of height-to- weight) • 11% of US children are obese (at or above the 95 percentile of height-to-weight) Provide Nutritious Meal and Snacks • To further complicate the topic of good nutrition and childhood hunger. There is an epidemic in this country – Childhood Obesity Epidemic • Food served in childcare often provides most children’s daily nutrition. • Children under 6 should be offered food every 2-3 hours • Consider food allergies and religious or culturally determined preferences (i.e. vegetarian diets) • Provide families with menus in advanced. Infant Feeding Procedures • Every effort should be made to have same caregiver feed child • Young infants should be fed when they indicate hunger (unless there are other specific instructions) • Keep breast milk and prepared formula in the refrigerator until just before feeding – breast milk should only come from their mother. Breast feed babies should not be fed formula without prior permission. • Wash your hands before feeding, getting bottles and utensils & of course after. • Infant formula can be served cold. Most programs warm the formula using warm tap water or small crock pot. We do not have the formula or breast milk meet direct heat. We use a cup to dip warm water out and set bottle or breast milk container in the water warming it. Infant Feeding Procedures • Crock pot should be emptied and sanitized daily. o Bottles should be lightly shaken to mix hot spots and equal out temperature o Warmed food should also be stirred to mix hot spots and cool food down. o Ensure crockpot is level a secure so it does not tip or spill to cause dangerous situation o Never use microwave to heat infant food or bottles – it heats unevenly and destroys nutrients in breast milk • Feedings should be relaxed and enjoyab
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