EDFL 2240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Edward Thorndike, Classical Conditioning, Behaviorism

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Behaviorism
Why psychologists began to study behavior
o Freudian psychology
Obsessed with sex
Not actual science. Just his personal opinions.
o Behaviorism
Pavlov
o A additioal push ae fo a ulikel soue…a Russia pshologist ho studied
digestion i the ’s.
o This eseah ould ea Palo a Noel Pize i Mediie… ad ould aidetall
discover the psychological theory known as classical conditioning.
o Classical conditioning: a learned change in behavior due to repetition of paired stimuli.
John Watson: From Dogs to People
o Officially founded the behaviorist school of thought in psychology
o Demonstrated that conditioning also takes place in humans
o Ko fo his Little Alet epeiet
o Gie e a doze health ifats ad  o speified old to bring them up in and
I’ll guaatee to take a oe at ado ad tai hi to eoe a tpe of speialist I
might select doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant, and yes, even beggar or thief regardless
of his talets, tedeies, o ailities.
Edward Thorndike: Adding Something New
o Disoeed that oseuees affet ehaio  epeietig ith ats i puzzle
oes
o staped-i . staped-out: behaviors
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