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Lecture 18

PSY 3010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Behavior Management, Reinforcement


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 3010
Professor
dr.Watson
Lecture
18

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positive and negative punishment
overcorrection is a form of contingent effort that combines two other punishment procedures.
They are
Simple correction and positive practice
o Overcorrection involves restoring a disrupted environment to its previous state
and repeatedly practicing a positive alternative response as a consequence for
engaging in an undesirable behavior
Contentious effort, contingent exercise, and contingent exertion are
General terms for a form of punishment in which the individual is required to engage an
effort full behavior as a consequence for engaging and an undesirable behavior
You are asked to help a teacher with some students in her class who is disruptive behavior seems
to be escalating. She uses timeout with a chair facing a blank wall. When three boys are
disruptive, she uses three chairs in a row. You observe the boys poking each other and laughing
during timeouts
A review of the behavior management plan or a behavior assessment needs to be
conducted, the pursued punisher may actually a reinforcer, and this time-out does not
meet the requirement of withdrawing the opportunity to earn positive reinforcement
A student suddenly becomes aggressive towards his teacher. He throws the table over and
scatters the lesson materials all over the room. Before he can return to earning tokens for
completing his activity tasks, he must clean up his work materials, return the table to its upright
position, and put away all the toys in the room. This is called
Restitutional overcorrection
A form of time out in which an individual is removed from a reinforcing environment and is
placed in a socially-isolated environment, and if necessary locked and or otherwise prevented
from leaving, is called
Seclusion time-out
Contingent observation refers to a form of inclusion time out and which
An individual is relocated to an area in which he or she can watch what is going on but
not participate
o Contingent observation refers to a form of inclusion timeout in which an
individual is relocated to an area in which he or she can observe what is going on
but not participate
A student suddenly become is aggressive towards his teacher. He throws the table over and
scatters the lesson materials all over the room. Before he can return to earning tokens for
completing his academic tasks, he is required to throw the table and materials over several more
times. This is called
Negative practice
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