MCDB 1A Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Non-Coding Rna, Myotonic Dystrophy, Phenylalanine

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Molecular genetics - dna > rna > polypeptide. Population genetics - genetic variation in groups of individuals. Functional genomics: identify the functional role of every gene. Systems biology: describe all the complex interactions occurring between the various gene products to produce a living organism. True-breeding trait is maintained in parent and all progeny. Alleles --> r rr rr --> r rr rr. Rr rr r rr rr r rr rr. Mendel"s 1rst law - the law of segregation. Traits are determined by genes with each adult carrying 2 versions (alleles) of each gene. Gametes carry only one allele for each gene. Alleles segregate into gametes in a ratio of 1:1. Product rule - to determine the probability that two independent events will both happen, the general rule is to multiply the probabilities of the individual events. Sum rule - probability of an event that can occur in two or more different ways is the sum of the individual probabilities.

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