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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1
Professor
Susanna Lewis
Semester
Fall

Description
1. Western notions of Gender a. The male and female are seen as complete opposites but also complement each other. b. Associate some cultural identities with males and females, such as painting nails, how they dress, etc… i. However, we also assume the male and female in its basest form by chromosomal characteristics. c. -------- d. Challenges of Gender Ideography i. ------------ 1. In the Dominican Republic, there was a village where children were appearing to change gender at the age of puberty. a. Turns out the girls were chromosomally normal boys, who had a deficiency of the enzyme, without which, primary male sex characteristics do not develop in the womb. b. These men eventually married, and had children. Yet, they had a sexual orientation of women. Challenges: i. Biology dives “appropriate” gender behavior ii. Gender identity is formed early, and is permanent iii. Permanence of sexual orientation ii. Understanding gender in terms of gender criteria------------------- 1. In Paupa New Guinea, maleness and femaleness believed to do with substances, not physical characteristics. 2. Hua will say that men are the dominant and powerful members society, but women are seen to possess the “nu” or vital essence. Men want “nu”. 3. Publicly men will disparage women of “polluting” substances------ 4. Secretly, men try to redress the imbalance of “nu”: a. Young males are made to eat korogo (feminine) foods to grow and attain maturity 5. Korogo (Feminie) a. Babies, young girls and boys b. Women, during their reproductive years, or until they have 3 children c. Old men, who have
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