MMW 15 Lecture 11: Outline Lecture Eleven--Totalitarian Alternatives—Stalin and Mussolini (1)

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Making of the Modern World
MMW 15
Edmond Chang

Outline Lecture Eleven: Totalitarian Alternatives—Stalin and Mussolini Key Questions: a) What are the essential differences between how democratic mass societies and totalitarian regimes achieve conformity? b) Be it mass society’s manufacture of consent or totalitarianism’s compulsion of consent, how can individuals resist the disempowering conformity of the modern era? I) Lenin’s “Dictatorship of the Proletariat” a) The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia i) Lenin’s “Chekas” as early as 1917 ii) “War communism”—Collectivization b) Stages of revolution i) First—led by bourgeois socialist leaders ii) Second—Direct rule by the proletariat and peasantry (1) “Soviets of Workers’, Agricultural Laborers’ and Peasants’ Deputies throughout the country” iii) Split with bourgeois socialists over Russia’s participation in W.W. I c) “Insurrection as an art” i) Hegel and Marx’s idea of the historical dialectic ii) Revolutionary progress not a static formula, but a fluid art d) Art of “Doublespeak” i) Economic Crisis of early 1920’s ii) Lenin’s “New Economic Policy” or NEP (1) “Retreat in order to advance the revolution” iii) Left Wing vs. Right Wing after Lenin’s death in 1924 (1) Trotsky—Left Wing (2) Bukharin and Stalin—Right
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