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Lecture 3

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Daniel 7, Books Of Samuel, Passover Seder


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
3

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MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Jan$11$Lecture—Jesus$the$Jew$
l Gospel%According%to%Mark%presents%Jesus%as%Messiah%
n Book%of%Mark%breaks%into%2%halves1%to%8%/%9%to%16%
n 1:9—12%Spirit%descending%like%dove,%voice%coming%from%heaven%
n 1:14—15%Jesus%proclaimed%Good%News%(Gospels)%for%people%
n 1:2328%Jesus%taught%by%acting%with%authority%over%demons%
u reflect:%Augustus’%power%(force%somebody%to%do%something)%and%
authority%(to%make%somebody%feel%compelled%to%act%due%to%
relationship%with%him)%
u People%listened%to%Jesus%simply%because%who%he%is%(authority)%
n 8:27—33%Christ,%Anointed%One,%Messiah—who%will%suffer,%humiliated%
and%die%and%rise%again%
n 9:24,%7%Transfiguration%before%Peter%and%James;%The%scene%of%talking%
with%Elijah%and%Moses—with%witnesses,%it%becomes%a%“fact,”%which%is%not%
to%be%told.% %
u After%that,%Jesus%went%to%Jerusalem%(center%of%Hebrew%World)%on%
Passover%
u 10%miracles%presented%by%God—including%the%killing%of%Egyptian%
firstborns—to%be%sacrificed%for%the%freedom%of%Hebrew%
u Jesus%sacrificed%himself%as%the%celebration%of%Hebrew’s%freedom%
n Reflected%part%in%Daniel%
u Mark%14:6062%You%will%see%the%Son%of%Man%seated%at%the%right%
hand%of%the%Power,%and%coming%with%the%clouds%of%heaven%
u Daniel%7:13—14%I%saw%one%like%a%human%being%coming%with%the%
clouds%of%heaven.% %
u Indicating%that%Jesus%is%the%fulfillment%of%the%Hebrew%prophecy%
l The%Jewish%Concept%of%Messiah%
n Messiah%=%Mashiach%=%Christ%=%Anointed%One%
n Background—After%King%David,%King%Solomon%took%over%the%kingdom%
and%split%it%to%halvesIsrael%in%the%North%and%Judah%in%the%South,%the%
central%of%Hebrew%world%
n Why%mentioned?%Jesus’%spiritual%quality%resembled%King%
David’s—Gospel%makes%people%think%about%the%religion%by%mentioning%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
previous%things%and%prophets%that%they%had%already%known.% %
u Babylon%Exile%
l 587—Nebuchadnezzar%destroyed%Jerusalem%and%departed%
people%of%Judah%
l 538—Cyrus%the%Great%of%Persian%returned%them%from%exile%
n Note:%Cyrus%the%Great%was%not%even%Jew,%but%he%was%doing%
the%God’s%purpose%and%was%called%in%Hebrew%Bible%the%
Messiah%
u Book%of%Daniel%came%after%the%event%
n 2%Samuel%7:13%He%shall%build%a%house%for%My%name,%and%I%will%establish%
the%throne%of%his%kingdom%forever.%
u King$David$received%words%from%God—covenant%in%honor%of%
Yahweh%
u In%return,%God%granted%him%the%throne%for%his%family%forever%
u King%David%as%a%spiritual%Messiah%who%brought%a%spiritual%
regeneration%for%humanity,%for%he%was%given%authority%by%God%in%
Book%of%Daniel%
u A%new%creation—that’s%why%Romans%were%opposed%to%Jesus,%for%he%
would%necessarily%format%revolution%against%Romans%
n Mark%1:15%“The%time%has%come,”%he%said.%“The%kingdom%of%God%has%come%
near.%Repent%and%believe%the%good%news!”%
u Meaning%that%the%Messiah%is%coming%
u Eschaton—the%end%of%time—used%in%theology%to%refer%to%the%world%
during%the%posthistoric%era%of%God's%overt%(apocalyptic)%reign,%
immediately%preceding%the%end%of%the%world.%
u Essence%at%the%origin%
n Matthew%1:1%An%account%of%the%genealogy%of%Jesus%the%Messiah,%the%son%
of%David,%the%son%of%Abraham%
n Matthew%1:20—24%Angel%came%to%Joseph,%making%him%take%Mary%as%wife;%
Jesus%is%the%incarnation%of%Holy%Spirit;%name%Emmanuel%means%God%is%
with%us%
u Book%of%Matthew%uses%Hebrew%Bible%to%justify%Jesus%comes%as%
spiritual%Messiah%
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