Class Notes (835,872)
United States (324,281)
Anthropology (230)
ANT 2000 (57)
Lecture 16

Lecture 16 -- Marriage & Family.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

ANT 2000
Elyse Anderson

Marriage & Family  Marriage = a culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws; such marriage rights and obligations most often include—but are not limited to—sex, labor, property, childrearing, exchange, and status  Why not “a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife,” as reflected in US federal law?  Marriage encompasses the biological and the cultural = it embeds mating within an elaborately constructed social and cultural niche  Backed up by social, political, and ideological factors while also regulating sexual relations and reproductive rights and obligations  Marriage plays an important role in the formation of social groups; creates affinal relationships (relations based on marriage) in contrast to consanguinal (blood) ties  Culturally specific rules of marriage involve both endogamy and exogamy  Endogamy = marriage within a particular group or category of individuals  Exogamy = marriage outside of the group  Why have rules for endogamy and exogamy? = incest taboo; biologically in our best interest (genetics-wise); etc.  Example = Trobriand islanders have to marry outside their clan/lineage (exogamy), but village endogamy is the norm  Forms of marriage = o Monogamy = a marriage form in which both partners have just one spouse; in parts of the world where divorce and remarriage is high, serial monogamy is the norm (end up being in a series of long-term monogamous marriages); the norm o Polygamy = a marriage form in which one individual has multiple spouses at the same time (polygyny = man with more than wife; polyandry = woman with more than one husband) o Group marriage = (see below!)  Common wisdom = polygyny is particularly common in traditional food-producing societies where women provide bulk of cultivation labor; women are valued as both workers and child bearers; also multiple wives can be a source of prestige…. (shows wives; probably savvy)  Polyandry is comparatively rare; in Tibet, inheritance is through male line and arable land is limited, so the marriage of brothers to a single woman keeps the land together and keeps population growth at bay  Do you find these explanations satisfactory? Is it exclusively about economics?  Alternative approaches = polygyny in the US; outlawed by Mormon Church in 1890; yet, estimate of 30,000-50,000 people in Rocky Mountain states live in households made up of a man with two or more wives (Egan 1999); people have agency  People have agency = people aren’t robots; don’t follow boundaries of their culture exactly; always cases that fit outside those lines (just because monogamy is law doesn’t mean everybody practices it)  Polyamory = the practice, state, or ability of havi
More Less

Related notes for ANT 2000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.