January 9 , 2013
Cultural Context of Classical Myth
Ancient Greece had city-states. Not one unified country. Ancient Greece is a
Ancient Greece had many mountains that led to pockets of fertile land.
o Filled with sheep.
o Water was seasonal via rivers.
Greece was surrounded by many other cultures.
o South of Ancient Greece was Egypt.
o To the East was the “Near East”.
Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000-1600 BCE): The Origin of the Greeks
o Bronze = Main metal used during this time period.
o Crete – i.e. Minoan Civilization Palace at Knossos
Lots of Bull Imagery
Late Bronze Age (Mycenaean Age) (1600-1150 BCE)
o Trojan War takes place?
o Mycenae ruled by King Agamemnon maybe?
o Mycenae had a language called “Linear B” (Greek).
Language was used strictly for record keeping.
The Dark Age (1150-800 BCE)
o Flourishing and rich civilizations. Then everything collapses.
o Not many palaces. Not