CLP 4134 Lecture 1: Lecture Notes- All Semester

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CLP4134- Introduction to Clinical Child/ Pediatric Psychology Lecture Notes
What is Clinical Psychology?
- The goal of psholog as a field is to stud ad udestad ehaio
- Largest sub-discipline in psychology
- Apply scientific knowledge of psychological services across the lifespan
Unifying Definition
- APA- Itegates siee, theo ad patie to udestad, pedit, ad alleiate
maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment,
and personal development. Clinical psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological,
psychological, social and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the lifespan, in varying
cultures ad at all soioeooi leels.
Training Models
- Scientist- practitioner- most common
- Practitioner
- Practitioner- scholar
- Clinical scientist
How we define Ourselves
- Practitioners (assessment and intervention)
- Researchers
- Teachers and supervisors
- Program development and evaluation
- Public policy work
- Consultants (e.g., industry, government agencies)
Path to becoming a Clinical Psychology
- Path to becoming a Clinical Psychologist
- Doctoral Degree (4+ years): Ph. D., Psy. D.
o UF Clinical Psychology program
Neuropsychology
Emotion neuroscience
Health psychology
Child/clinical psychology
o Internship (1 year)
o Post-Doctoral Fellowship (optional)
- Licensure
Work Settings
- Hospitals
- Universities
- Private practice
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- Mental health centers
- Managed health care
- Schools
- Legal systems
- Counseling centers
- Government agencies
- Veteran administration
- Military
- Industries
Other mental health service areas
- Psychiatry
- Counseling psychology
- School psychology
- Social work
Psychiatry
- Psychiatry
o Medical school training emphasizing the basic sciences (biology, chemistry, etc.)
o Less emphasis on therapy
o Can prescribe medication
Counseling Psychology
- Similarities
o Doctoral degree, research, therapy, assessment
- Traditionally
o Work with patients with mild to moderate clinical symptoms or adjustment difficulties
o Often conduct career and educational counseling
o Typical setting: university counseling center
- Less emphasis on psychological testing
School Psychology
- Traditionally
o Work with educators to address academic, social, behavioral, and emotional needs of
children within the school setting
- Training
o Most have Masters degree or Ph.D
o Heavy emphasis on testing (esp. academic, intelligence, and behavior testing)
- Smaller number in Community/Hospital Setting
o Ph. D + Clinical Psychology Internship + Licensure Examination
Social Work
- Roots in social service
o Emphasis: role of social factors in psychological distress
o Variable roles:
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Provides patients with community resources and needed services
Therapist
o Training
Masters level is acceptable
Less emphasis on research
Doctoral level
Research, teaching, etc.
Similar Fields
- Other fields similar to clinical psychology
o Marriage, family, and child counseling
o Licensed mental health counselot
What is Clinical Child/ Pediatric Psychology?
- Bigs togethe the asi teets of liial psholog ith a thoough akgoud i hild ad
fail deelopet/
- Conduct research and provide services
- Goal: understanding, preventing, and treating psychological, cognitive, emotional,
developmental, behavioral, and family problems of children across the age range from infancy
though adolesee
Common Child/ Pediatric Research Goals
- Defining what constitutes normal and abnormal behavior children of different ages, sexes and
ethnic backgrounds
- Identifying the causes and correlates of abnormal behavior
- Making predictions about long-term outcomes
- Developing and evaluating methods for treatment and/or preventions
How do child and adolescent disorders differ from adults?
- Referral for assessment and treatment
- Transitory problems
o Bedwetting
- Ae all poles aoal?
- Focus of interventions on promoting development
o Goal is not only to reduce distress but also boost abilities and skills
- Role of parents and teachers
How of Clinical Child/Pediatric Psychology
- Some of the earliest examples of work in clinical psychology were with children
o 1896: First psychology clinic opened by Lightner Witmer, devoted to work with children
with learning disabilities, mental retardation, academic difficulties
o 1905: Alfred Binet developed first normative reference scale of intelligence for children
- 1920s: The Child Guidance Movement
o Emotional disorders begin in childhood and thus interventions should target children at-
risk
o Involved child-oriented clinicians working as part of an inter-disciplinary team to deal
with psychological disorders of children
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