PHIL 2020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Stipulative Definition, Genetic Fallacy, Monty Hall Problem

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On what: area and extent of expertise, if any; complexity of the topic of the assertion; relative authority; interpretive confidence; the absence of obvious, overwhelming ulterior motives, etc. Or, in (two) other words: the autho(cid:396)it(cid:455)(cid:859)s (cid:396)elia(cid:271)ilit(cid:455) a(cid:374)d (cid:396)ele(cid:448)a(cid:374)(cid:272)e. Stipulative definition for authority: whe(cid:374) (cid:449)e use the te(cid:396)(cid:373) (cid:858)autho(cid:396)it(cid:455)(cid:859) i(cid:374) this (cid:272)o(cid:374)te(cid:454)t, (cid:449)e a(cid:396)e (cid:396)efe(cid:396)(cid:396)i(cid:374)g to the o(cid:396)igi(cid:374)ato(cid:396) (cid:894)o(cid:396) (cid:858)autho(cid:396)(cid:859), hence the term) of the cited claim from out schematic appeal to authority. I(cid:374) ou(cid:396) e(cid:454)a(cid:373)ple, (cid:862)jill is a s(cid:272)ie(cid:374)tist; jill sa(cid:455)s that x is t(cid:396)ue, so x is t(cid:396)ue. (cid:863) jill is the autho(cid:396)it(cid:455). If the authority is reliable on the present matter, he/she is a relevant authority. I am not a relevant authority to you on any mathematical matters, but i am so to my three-year-old niece. If yes to both, then the appeal is an effective one. Look fo(cid:396) (cid:455)ou(cid:396) autho(cid:396)it(cid:455) fi(cid:396)st, the(cid:374) de(cid:272)ide (cid:455)ou(cid:396) sta(cid:374)(cid:272)e o(cid:374) the (cid:373)atte(cid:396).

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