Bureaucracy: the system of civil servants and political appointees who implement congressional or presidential decisions; also known as the administrative state. Civil servants: employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government. Political appointees: people selected by an elected leader, such as the president, to hold a government position. The president signs the bill into law. And proposal to bureaucrats, and they lobby for their preferred implementation of the legislation. Courts respond to challenges to the law, and thy can provide guidelines for implementation. Bureaucrats interpret the law and design appropriate regulations. Other bureaucrats disseminate regulations to state and local gov"ts, corporations, and individuals, and they monitor compliance. Regulations can be revised in light of changing circumstances, different political climates, or unanticipated consequences. Bureaucratic drift: bureaucrats" tendency to implement policies in a way that favors. Regulation: a rule that allows the government to exercise control over individuals and corporations by restricting certain behaviors. How the president attempts to control the bureaucracy.