ANTH 2303 Lecture 25: 11-30-2016 Craft Specialization and Gender

16 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

ANTH 2303
11/30/2016
Craft Specialization and Gender
Differentiating craft workshops from domestic facilities
o Domestic facilities have the following characteristics:
Sleeping facilities
Lots of artifacts types but few of each type
Artifacts are indicative of all ages
Lots of artifact diversity but few types of each
Artifacts indicative of both sexes
Differentiating craft workshops from domestic facilities
o Craft workshops have:
Specialized floor plans or room layouts
A limited number of these distinctive structures relative to typical
domestic structures
Few artifact types but lots of each type
Artifacts indicative of a limited age range
Artifacts indicative of only one sex
The correlation of craft specialization and stratification
The type of craft specialization varies by the degree of stratification in a
society
A market economy characteristic of a state wwill be different than the
economy of a chiefdom
In a state craft materials should be available through the market
That is not the case in a chiefdom
The effect of social stratification on gender in crafting
o Gender assignment in crafting will vary according to degree of stratification
o There are two types of production
o Domestic mode of production
Associated with tribes and chiefdoms
o Specialized mode of production
Associated with states
There will be a shift in gender assignment to crafting as a society becomes more stratified
o Ther will be a shift in household domestic production that favors female crafting
o To male controlled crafting in more stratified state level contexts
Aztez craft specialization
o We know from Sahagun that the Aztec had highly developed craft specialization
o This existed not only at Tenochtitlan (Aztec capitol) but also in outlying
provinces
o The status of Aztec luxury goods craftsmen
Aztec craftsmen were wealthy and had relatively high status but were not
nobles
Aztec exotic good craftsmen were attached to calpolli
These craftsmen were not organized along kinship lines
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class