Used to be someone exhibited abnormal behavior, institutionalized. Because new drugs and better therapy, u. s. wanted to deinstitutionalize. Psychotherapy: psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems and improve quality of lives. Clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, social workers mainstay of mental health profession. People with non-advanced degrees also often offer psychological services. Agency-specific training and attend workshops enhance education. Little to no difference in effectiveness between experienced and novice. Professionals know how to operate within system and choose more effective treatments. Psychotherapies where goal is to expand awareness or insight. Abnormal behaviors stem from adverse childhood experiences. Analyze avoided thoughts and feelings; and stuff like that. Symptoms vanish when clients gain insight into unconscious material. Goal to decrease guilt and frustration and make unconscious conscious. Tries to bring awareness previously repressed impulses, conflicts, and memories. More concerned with conscious aspects of client"s functioning. Emphasize impact of cultural and interpersonal influences on behavior.