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Lecture 24

CLCIV 101 Lecture 24: Lecture 24

3 pages80 viewsFall 2016

Classical Civilization
Course Code
Richard Janko

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Lecture 24
1. Timeline of 4th century history
a. 404: Sparta defeats Athens
b. 395-387: Thebes, Corinth, Argos and Athens fight Sparta
c. 387: Persia brokers peace and gets Ionia back
d. 377: Athens rebuilds Athenian Empire in Aegean
e. 371: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta at Leuctra
f. 371: Thebes creates federation of free democratic states, liberate Helots
in Messenia
g. 361: Sparta and Athens fight Thebes at Mantinea: Epaminondas is killed
h. 359:Philip II (382-336), king of Macedonia, takes power claimed descent
from Heracles
i. Ruled 359-336
2. Macedonian kingship
a. King
b. Council of Nobles (Companions)
c. Military assembly
3. Macedonia’s assets:
a. Timber
b. Gold
c. Silver
d. Warriors
4. Demosthenes (384-322)
a. Athenian orator, who led the war against Philip
5. 338
a. Philip II defeats Athens and Thebes at Chaeronea in Boeotia.
6. 337:
a. Philip II proclaims League of Corinth
i. Aim: conquest of Persian Empire
7. Philips Empire in 336
a. Included Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Serbia, European Turkey
8. 336
a. Philip II is assassinated in theater at Aegae (capital of Macedonia)
b. Philip II was already married to Olympias and had a son Alexander
i. He was marrying another wife
c. Kingdom went from Philip to Alexander, age 20
9. Aristotle’s theory of ethics
a. Virtue is the mean between extremes
b. Apollo’s saying “nothing to excess”
10. Alexander’s character
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