CLCIV 101 Lecture 24: Lecture 24

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Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCIV 101
Professor
Richard Janko

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Lecture 24
1. Timeline of 4th century history
a. 404: Sparta defeats Athens
b. 395-387: Thebes, Corinth, Argos and Athens fight Sparta
c. 387: Persia brokers peace and gets Ionia back
d. 377: Athens rebuilds Athenian Empire in Aegean
e. 371: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta at Leuctra
f. 371: Thebes creates federation of free democratic states, liberate Helots
in Messenia
g. 361: Sparta and Athens fight Thebes at Mantinea: Epaminondas is killed
h. 359:Philip II (382-336), king of Macedonia, takes power claimed descent
from Heracles
i. Ruled 359-336
2. Macedonian kingship
a. King
b. Council of Nobles (Companions)
c. Military assembly
3. Macedonia’s assets:
a. Timber
b. Gold
c. Silver
d. Warriors
4. Demosthenes (384-322)
a. Athenian orator, who led the war against Philip
5. 338
a. Philip II defeats Athens and Thebes at Chaeronea in Boeotia.
6. 337:
a. Philip II proclaims League of Corinth
i. Aim: conquest of Persian Empire
7. Philips Empire in 336
a. Included Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Serbia, European Turkey
8. 336
a. Philip II is assassinated in theater at Aegae (capital of Macedonia)
b. Philip II was already married to Olympias and had a son Alexander
i. He was marrying another wife
c. Kingdom went from Philip to Alexander, age 20
9. Aristotle’s theory of ethics
a. Virtue is the mean between extremes
b. Apollo’s saying “nothing to excess”
10. Alexander’s character
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Description
Lecture 24 1. Timeline of 4th century history a. 404: Sparta defeats Athens b. 395-387: Thebes, Corinth, Argos and Athens fight Sparta c. 387: Persia brokers peace and gets Ionia back d. 377: Athens rebuilds Athenian Empire in Aegean e. 371: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta at Leuctra f. 371: Thebes creates federation of free democratic states, liberate Helots in Messenia g. 361: Sparta and Athens fight Thebes at Mantinea: Epaminondas is killed h. 359:Philip II (382-336), king of Macedonia, takes power claimed descent from Heracles h.i. Ruled 359-336 2. Macedonian kingship a. King b. Council of Nobles (Companions) c. Military assembly 3. Macedonia’s assets: a. Timber b. Gold c. Silver d. Warriors 4. Demosthenes (384-322) a. Athenian orator, who led the war against Philip 5. 338 a. Philip II defeats Athens and Thebes at Chaeronea in Boeotia. 6. 337: a. Philip II proclaims League of Corinth a.i. Aim: conquest of Persian Empire 7. Philips Empire in 336 a. Included Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Serbia, European Turkey 8. 336 a. Philip II is assassinated in theater at Aegae (capital of Macedonia) b. Philip II was already married to Olympias and had a son Alexander b.i. He was marrying another wife c. Kingdom went from Philip to Alexander, age 20 9. Aristotle’s theory of ethics a. Virtue is the mean between extremes b. Apollo’s saying “nothing to excess” 10.Alexander’s character a. Claimed descent from Heracles and Achilleus b. Noble, fierce, impulsive, generous c. Terrible rages d. Murder of friend Cleitus e. Terrible remorse f. Carried a copy of Homer that Aristotle gave him 11. Revolt in Greece, 335: a. Alexander destroys Thebes, spares house of poet Pindar b. Demosthenes (384-322) Athenian orator who inspired revolt 12. 334: a. Alexander crosses Hellespont into Asia, makes sacrifices at a tomb of Achilleus at Troy b. 30,000 infantry, 5,000 cavalry 13. Battle of Issus, November 333
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